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How Do Drones Work And What Is Drone Technology

What a drone is and how drones work is answered here in this easy-to-understand article. Drone technology continues to evolve as the new innovation and big investment bring advanced drones to market every few months.

Next, we analyze the UAV technology in the market's most popular drones, which have the latest drone technology. Most drones will contain very similar systems.

The technology of unmanned aerial vehicles covers everything from the drone's aerodynamics to the materials used in the manufacture of the physical UAV, to the printed circuits, the chipset and the software that make up the brains of the drone.

One of the most popular drones on the market is the DJI Phantom 3. This drone was very popular with professional aerial film makers. Although a bit old, it uses a lot of modern technology that is present in the latest drones. This UAV is ideal to explain the drone technology as it contains everything in one package. It includes the UAV, the gimbal and the camera and uses some of the best drone technologies currently available on the market.

In just a few months since the creation of this article, several new and advanced drones such as DJI Mavic, Phantom 4 Pro and Inspire 2 have come onto the market. The accelerated pace of drone technology is enormous. I have included these latest advances in drone technology in the following article. Therefore it will be updated including the links.
How drones work

A typical drone is made of lightweight composite materials to reduce weight and increase maneuverability. This resilience of the composite material allows military drones to travel at extremely high altitudes. The drones are equipped with the latest technology such as infrared (military UAV), GPS and laser (military UAV). The drones are controlled by a remote control system, sometimes referred to as the bottom cockpit.

An unmanned aerial vehicle system consists of two parts, the drone itself and the control system.

All sensors and navigation systems are present in the nose of the unmanned aerial vehicle. The rest of the body is a complete innovation, as there is no loss of space for people and it is also easy. The technical materials used to build the drone are highly complex compounds that can absorb the vibrations that reduce the noise generated.

What is a drone? UAV technology

Next, we'll explore the technology and drones behind the UAV DJI Phantom 3. But we also have a lot of information about the latest drone technologies on the market. There are many links to learn more about the different components of drone technology. For example, here is an excellent article on the components of drones. This gives you a breakdown of the individual components seen in most drones.
Types and sizes of drones

The drones are available in a variety of sizes, with the largest being used primarily for military purposes, such as the Predator drone. The following in size are unmanned aircraft that have fixed wings and short runways. In general, they are used to cover large areas that work in areas such as geographic topography or the wildlife population.

The next size drones are called VTOL drones. Many of them are quadcopters, but not all. VTOL means that the drone can start to move vertically.

Many of the newest little drones like the DJI Spark can be launched from the palm of your hand.
Radar positioning and return home

    The flight radar shows the current position and position of the drone in relation to the pilot.
    If the control range of the remote control is exceeded, the function "return home" is triggered, ie the UAV automatically flies back to the starting point and lands safely.

Gyro stabilization, IMU and flight controls

Turnstile technology is one of the components that gives the drone its flying ease. The gyroscope must work almost instantaneously on the forces moving against the drone. The gyroscope provides essential navigation information for the central flight controller.

Drones with zoom cameras

In 2016 and 2017, a series of integrated gillnets with optical and digital zoom came onto the market.

DJI released the Zenmuse Z3, which is an integrated aerial camera optimized for still photography. The Zenmuse Z3, with a 7x zoom, consisting of a 3.5x optical and a 2x zoom with no digital loss, has created an equivalent focal length range of 22 to 77mm, making it ideal for industrial applications.

Then, in October 2016, DJI released the Zenmuse Z30 camera. This powerful Zenmuse Z30 is an integrated aerial zoom camera with a 30x optical zoom and 6x digital zoom for a total magnification of up to 180x. This allows more industrial applications, such. For example, the inspection of cell towers or wind turbines to get a detailed view of structures, cables, modules and components to detect damage. The Zenmuse is compatible with the DJI Matrice series of drones.

The Walkera Voyager 4 comes with an incredible camera with 18x zoom. The Voyager 4's 18x optical zoom camera has 360 degree shooting with no obstructions. You can shoot in 4K at 30 frames per second. The high-resolution image transmission system uses 3-axis brushless stabilization gimbal technology.

Latest innovative technological drones

DJI is very good at the professional and consumer drone market. The latest advanced drones with patented technologies are as follows;

         DJI Spark - Small drone with selfie that can stand out from the palm of your hand.
         DJI Mavic Pro - Small folding drones with frontal and downward collision protection sensors. Super stable flight and 4k shooting skills.
         DJI Phantom 4 Pro: with "Vision" technology to avoid collisions. Multi-purpose drone with 4k aerial photography, photography and photogrammetry.
         DJI Inspire 2 - Design and patented engines. Cardan universal drone for professional 5k aerial photography, photography, photogrammetry, multi-spectral and thermal imaging.
         Yuneec Typhoon H Pro: uses the patented Intel "Realsense" technology to avoid collisions. Ideal for professional aerial photography and filming
         Walkera Voyager 4: professional drone with 18x optical zoom camera, perfect for surveying and searching and rescuing the site.
    DJI Matrice 200 Commercial Quadcopter - Integrated redundancy with dual battery, IMU and satellite navigation systems. You can mount 2 cameras under the quadrocopter (eg thermal imager and zoom). Possibility to mount a camera on top of Matrice 200, which makes lifting bridges very easy. 6 directions of collision prevention with ToF laser, ultrasound and vision sensors.

Intelligent flight systems

All of these latest drones have intelligent flight controls and modes like Follow Me, Active Tracking, Waypoints, Homecoming and many others. DJI's latest Phantom 4 Pro features the most autonomous intelligent flight modes of all drones. The Phantom 4 Pro has the following intelligent flight modes;

         Active track (profile, focus, circle)
         Draw waypoints
         Terrain-tracking mode
         Tripod mode
         gesture mode
         S-mode (sports)
         P mode (position)
         A mode (setting)
         Blocking the course
         Start blocking
         Prevention of obstacles

Use of drone

The drones have so many fabulous applications. When you mount a camera or sensors such as LiDAR, Thermal, ToF, Multispectral and many others, the scope of use of drones is widening. Here is an excellent list of drones used.
How Do Drones Work And What Is Drone Technology How Do Drones Work And What Is Drone Technology Reviewed by Jhon on 3:11 PM Rating: 5