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An Overview of the Different Types of Urological Cancer

As people continue to live longer and longer, cancer will continue to rise in incidence. This is not only due to longer lives but also due to medical treatments that are able to keep people with cancer alive. A urology doctor in New York is well-equipped to deal with a variety of cancer types. It is important for men everywhere to understand that there are many different types of cancer that can affect them at different points in their life. This is important because the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment are different for each type of cancer.

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer has affected a number of notable celebrities, including Lance Amstrong. There are several different types of testicular cancer and they all arise at different points in life; however, most testicular cancers tend to develop during the second or third decade of life. People should look for an unusual lump on their testicle that is different from their normal anatomy. If this is noticed, men should seek the attention of a medical professional. The urology doctor in New York will perform an ultrasound to get a better look at the lump. The doctor may also draw some blood to measure different possible markers of cancer including AFP and bHG. If there is any suspicion for cancer the urologist will take out the testicle for a biopsy. The other testicle will enlarge and perform the work of both testicles to prevent a decrease in testosterone. A prosthetic testicle will be placed for aesthetic reasons. 

Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer tends to affect men a little bit later in life. While not as common, there are some risk factors that can predispose people to the development of bladder cancer. The most important risk factor is the consumption of smoked foods. Smoked foods contain a compound called nitrosamines. These can damage the cells of the bladder and cause the development of bladder cancer. Symptoms of bladder cancer include weight loss, blood in the urine, and a slow urinary stream. If there is suspicion, the urologist will perform imaging of the bladder using a scope inserted through the urethra. A biopsy will be taken to help determine treatment options.

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is most common in elderly men. Prostate cancer is measured using a blood test called the PSA. If the PSA is elevated, a urologist will take a biopsy for further evaluation. Because prostate cancer develops so slowly, some people don't even receive treatment because it rarely causes symptoms and most people die with prostate cancer instead of from prostate cancer. Every case of prostate cancer is discussed on an individual basis with a physician.
An Overview of the Different Types of Urological Cancer An Overview of the Different Types of Urological Cancer Reviewed by Jhon on 10:26 PM Rating: 5